The 22nd Amendment Of The United States Constitution

On February 27th, 1951, the 22nd amendment was ratified which made permanent a tradition that has profound influence on the philosophy of government in the United States of America. This amendment may not be the most well known amendment but its place in the fabric of American history cannot be overstated. That is because the 22nd Amendment mandated that

No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once.

The limitation of service as President of the United States to two terms was one that up until the 22nd amendment was more a matter of custom than law. It began when George Washington refused to run for a third term. But by making the limitation of power in the presidency in the 22nd amendment, the American people made a bold statement about how their government would be run.

One of the most unique aspects to how the United States of America organized its government was the concept of citizen rulers. This concept was born in the very halls and pubs where the founding fathers gathered to discuss this new country that was just getting started. By reducing the idea of a “career politician”, especially at the presidential level, the 22nd amendment dealt a deadly blow to the concept that America would ever be ruled by a king or a “president for life.”

This was clearly a reaction by America to the abuses that had witnessed by the pilgrims and immigrants that make up this great country in their homelands. They reacted strongly and negatively to the deification of kings and the virtually unlimited powers that too many times systems of royalty tended to give to their leadership. This was one of the central themes that caused so many to flee Europe, Central Asia and other parts of the world to seek a land where it was the people who were the center of the governments will, not the arbitrary ideas of a king who was cut off from the real needs of the people he served.

The way America set up its presidency was in every way an attempt to “fix” the flaws and abuses of the European models and refocus the center of power in government on the electorate rather than on the elected. Another aspect of the American federal system that was put in place deliberately to limit the ability of those in power to abuse that power is the system of checks and balances.

This system assures that none of the branches of government, The Congress, the Presidency or the Supreme Court could dominate the other or take complete power and rule without challenge. By insuring that all in power had to answer to the opposing party and be prepared to answer to the American people for what they did and even said, this completely eliminated that chances that one part of the government would stage a “coup” over the other.

Accountability is a word that is not very exciting but it is the concept that has kept the American system of government healthy and in service to its people rather than putting them in service for over 200 years.

In addition to these several highly innovative methods the founding fathers gave to this young country to eliminate the abuses of past governmental systems, they also put a system in place that assured the orderly transition of power. The system of elections every two years stopped two evils, the occurrence of a politician who served for life without accountability and a system wherein the only way to loose your job in government was by violent overthrow.

As a result the American system, albeit contentious and argumentative, has been and continues to be one of the most peaceful and orderly systems of federal administration in the world and indeed in the history of the world.

Luxury Hotels In Paris

There are luxury hotels in Paris throughout the entire city, from the Porte de Sevres in the southwest to the Porte de Villette in the northeast. Whether you’re making a day of Versailles, checking out the staples (The Eiffel Tower, Arc de Triomphe, Bastille), or gadding through the Louvre, there are luxury hotels in Paris right near your destination. Look out from your hotel room at the Tuileries below, or take in the Seine from your fifth-story perch right along the Rive Gauche, where Hemingway, Fitzgerald, and Stein all made their homes as expats.

As with most things in life, experiencing Paris requires some kind of tradeoff, unless of course you’re so ridiculously wealthy that you can purchase the hotel at which you’re staying. Generally, though, tourists in Paris decide where their affections lie, be it in fresh baguettes, a delectable jambon, or at Pompidou Centre or Sacre Coeur. Very few people are content to dole out hundreds of dollars per night for a grand hotel if it means they can’t afford to take in Paris through all the customary routes.
What To Look For in Luxury Hotels in Paris

Besides doting service and immaculate living spaces, you should ask for the regular suite of amenities you’d demand from hotels in New York City or Los Angeles. If rooms in the city’s discount hotels have direct dial phone service, wake-up calls, taxi and shuttle information, continental breakfast, and concierge service, the demands you make of luxury hotels in Paris may be considerably stronger.

Many luxury hotels in Paris offer internet access through ethernet connections, in-room movie services, and hot tubs (not in-room). You can find mini-bars, fridges, safe boxes, and any number of other extras you’d get expect from expensive hotels around the city. While discount hotels are often situated on the outskirts of the city (thereby justifying the lower prices), your luxury hotels are often located in the city center from which public transportation is easily accessible, even if seeing Paris on foot is the only true way to go.

Rehbar-i-Taleem Scheme in jammu and kashmir, india

Rehbar-e-Taleem scheme, an initiative in J&K, full of multi-faceted problems

MUSHTAQ MALIK

The scheme of Rehbar-e-Taleem was initiated with an intention to lower down the rate of unemployment in the state for which only very little conditions and eligibility were framed that a candidate should be 12th pass, above 18 years of age and should be from the village or identified area of the village for which the post of Rehbar-e-Taleem would have been notified. Initially the response from the unemployed youth showed much interest in the job despite of the condition that the candidate has to work for 5 years on a pay roll of Rs 1500 for first two years and Rs 2,000 for next 3 years as monthly salary. However many times the appointed Rehbar-e-Taleem teachers demanded that their salary should be increased and after they were assured by the authorities that their demands will be taken into consideration, they carried on their job.

The Rehbar-Taleem scheme was well appreciated by all the communities of the state but the problems, which the schemes face in continuing, forced educated youth to stand against the people who had made the profession of R eT as their illegal earning hand. The poor students are at many places being demanded money for the post and some candidate are also being appointed on the part of others who do not have access to provide money for the job.

The scheme was launched in 28 April, 2004 and at the time of inception of the scheme it was mentioned that there would be constituted a village level committee who will go through the educated population of the village and will consider only those candidates who would be fulfilling the eligibility criteria but consequently after few months this news come to forefront that some of the officials are demanding money from the candidates so that they will be appointed. At many villages it was found that despite having no need of teachers and schools there some authorized departments sanctioned both schools and teacher posts which were created totally beyond the instructions.

However the Rehbar-e-Taleem scheme is still in process as the recruitment process is going on at every district of the state. Doda at many times complained of slow recruitment process of R eT teachers but recently many aspirants were handed appointment orders under Rehbar-e Taleem (RET) scheme to belonging to different zones of district Doda. Concerned authorities also directed authorities to restore and make full advancement of different schools.

The scheme has lowered down the rate of unemployment to a large extent as the thousand of teachers who have been appointed under the scheme have the job in hand. But the people who made the scheme as their earning scheme would not make it advance and appreciated but will also make government authorities responsible for the future of the poor unemployed youth. The government of the state should interfere in the matter as early as possible as some candidates who are being deceived do not have the access to go to court or police authorities to lodge a complaint or file a case against the person who had snatched his post by power, money and political influence.

Most of the villages are still worried of the future of their children as the schools where their children are admitted have the scarcity of teachers, only a single teacher is available for more than hundred students. The failing assurances of the government can be very clearly visualized by keeping the issue of teacher scarcity at the villages, which have already been provided, with the limited number of Rehbar-e-Taleem teachers and still lack the teacher availability. In addition, there are many schools in the state, which are filled with teachers but lack the sufficient roll of students. Here it is obvious that the government authorities do not examine the village or area where they made the appointments of Rehbar-e-Taleem teachers.

At many places there, the Rehbare-e-Taleem teachers have been appointed on the basic eligibility condition of 12th pass but the appointed teachers do not have the proficiency to provide better education to the students. As it is very important for the teacher to have, a good qualification with better percentage so that the students do not suffer in making their goals restricted. Some of the 12th pass candidates were working as mechanics, shopkeepers and even conductors so how it is genuine to provide such an inexperienced, amateur with an opportunity to teach students of 5th,6th,7th and 8th class students. It would have been more better if the government had made such appointments of R.eT’s on the basis of higher qualification and marks percentage but on Zonal level not on village level so that the standard of the rural schools could face the challenges and competition with the schools at urban areas.

-I am a teacher appointed under the scheme of R.eT, and I was appointed on the basis of higher qualification as I have completed my Masters in Zoology with good marks percentage but I do have a colleague who was appointed after me on the basis of 12th pass qualification but he do not have the capacity to teach students properly so to save the students from the ill consequences, I take the important and main subject classes myself and give him other task beyond teaching. I was about to forward a complaint against him of poor performance but because of the restrictions of my conscience, I was not able to do that,- said a Rehbar-e-Taleem teacher wishing anonymity.

At several villages, it became known that the appointments of some Rehbar-e-Taleem teachers were made on the ignorance of the eligibility criteria of age limit. As some over age, candidates were appointed In place of the eligible candidates. These things also created some clashes between different families and the results were very dreadful.

Now the students from villages do not try to go for other professions than the R.eT as the work pressure, which is on teachers working under the scheme is very easy to cover. The easy eligibility conditions, which have been framed for the appointment of such job, not only make the students skipped to it but also affect their talent and proficiency in other jobs. In fact, some of the candidate complaint that they are being forced by their parents to work hard just to avail the job of R.eT.

The scheme of Rehbar-e-Taleem was initiated with an intention to lower down the rate of unemployment in the state for which only very little conditions and eligibility were framed that a candidate should be 12th pass, above 18 years of age and should be from the village or identified area of the village for which the post of Rehbar-e-Taleem would have been notified. Initially the response from the unemployed youth showed much interest in the job despite of the condition that the candidate has to work for 5 years on a pay roll of Rs 1500 for first two years and Rs 2,000 for next 3 years as monthly salary. However, many times the appointed Rehbar-e-Taleem teachers demanded that their salary should be increased and after they were assured by the authorities that their demands will be taken into consideration, they carried on their job.

The Rehbar-Taleem scheme was well appreciated by all the communities of the state but the problems, which the schemes face in continuing, forced educated youth to stand against the people who had made the profession of R eT as their illegal earning hand. The poor students are at many places being demanded money for the post and some candidate are also being appointed on the part of others who do not have access to provide money for the job.

The scheme was launched in 28 April, 2004 and at the time of inception of the scheme it was mentioned that there would be constituted a village level committee who will go through the educated population of the village and will consider only those candidates who would be fulfilling the eligibility criteria but consequently after few months this news come to forefront that some of the officials are demanding money from the candidates so that they will be appointed. At many villages it was found that despite having no need of teachers and schools there some authorized departments sanctioned both schools and teacher posts which were created totally beyond the instructions.

However the Rehbar-e-Taleem scheme is still in process as the recruitment process is going on at every district of the state. Doda at many times complained of slow recruitment process of R eT teachers but recently many aspirants were handed appointment orders under Rehbar-e Taleem (RET) scheme to belonging to different zones of district Doda. Concerned authorities also directed authorities to restore and make full advancement of different schools .

The scheme has lowered down the rate of unemployment to a large extent as the thousand of teachers who have been appointed under the scheme have the job in hand. But the people who made the scheme as their earning scheme would not make it advance and appreciated but will also make government authorities responsible for the future of the poor unemployed youth. The government of the state should interfere in the matter as early as possible as some candidates who are being deceived do not have the access to go to court or police authorities to lodge a complaint or file a case against the person who had snatched his post by power, money and political influence.

Red Tape Busters – Government Directories And Wizards

There are many avenues to search for both Government and philanthropic funding opportunities. These include:

Print and media:

Newspapers – tenders and announcements sections – The Australian, The Courier Mail, local papers;

Newspaper articles – scan for articles relevant to grants on other projects. These are normally in Wednesdays or Sundays papers;

Government information booklets;

Television and radio listen to major announcements. A number of grants are announced via doorstop interviews with politicians.

Government directories and ‘wizards’:

Grantslink the database of Commonwealth government agency grants at www.grantslink.gov.au

QLD Government grants wizard database of grants from QLD Government agencies at www.qld.gov.au/grants

Individual government department websites.

Local government websites grant programs are usually found under the ‘Communities’ heading or by completing a search for ‘grants’ or ‘funding’.

Commercial services:

Our Community is a subscriber based grants information service at www.ourcommunity.com.au

Philanthropy Australia is another subscriber based grants and information service at www.philanthropy.org.au

Other? International grants?

Corporate websites Major financial institutions, health funds, food chains and multinational companies (pharmaceuticals, mining, industry etc) often have corporate giving and grant programs listed on their websites, often under ‘corporate responsibility’ or ‘community’ headings.

E-lists, email discussion groups and your networks – ring around and follow the trail ‘…..I am trying to get some funding for…..do you know of anything that might help?’

Political offices – ring your State and Federal Member’s office and local Councilor.

Other useful sources include other community groups (monitor their newsletters etc) and similar organisation’s websites and media releases.

At Red Tape Busters we are specialists in accessing grants but our Director Shane Bowering is a renowned Lobbyist featuring regularly across Queensland and National media outlets print, TV and Radio.

At Red Tape Busters also highly regarded in job application writing, tender writing and in assisting small businesses in developing policies and procedure, business plans and facilitating access to new markets or in developing new products and services. While we have a high profile in Queensland our profile as an esteemed grant writer and tender writer in Sydney and Melbourne is rapidly being enhanced as we achieve outstanding successes for clients.

Visa Category H-1B Cap for FY2010 Has Been Reached

It was declared by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) that the H-1B visa cap has been arrived at for the Fiscal Year 2010 (FY2010). The Congress had sanctioned 65,000 as the upper limit for H-1B visas for a fiscal year. The first 20,000 individuals issued with the H-1B visas who come under the advanced degree in the U.S. are not included in the 65,000 cap. By December 21, 2009, over 20,000 H-1B appeals from individuals under advanced degree exemption have been received by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.

Cap is the constraint on the non-immigrant visa application numbers imposed by the Congress every year. The H1-B and the H-2B categories come under this cap. Cap has the hold over the non immigrant worker population who can obtain a visa acceptable in a particular nonimmigrant classification to enter the U.S. in a fiscal year. r.

H-1B visa cap aids in handling the non immigrant workers in the U.S. who are legitimately eligible to modify their non immigrant status to the Cap-subject classification. Individuals not included in the cap specified nonimmigrant classification and deciding to extend the stay are considered ineligible for this yearly constraint on the number of H-1B Visa.

Employers in the U.S. who desire to engage foreign nationals in posts that need theoretical and intense technical skills can make use of the H-1B non-immigration visa program. The H-1B non-immigration visa program includes architects, engineers, computer programmers, accountants, doctors, college professors, and popular fashion models. Nearly 100 workers with extraordinary work experience from the Department of Defense (DOD) research and development projects are also covered by the H-1B non-immigration visa program. At the same time, not all non immigrant visa applications are eligible to the cap.

Petitions obtained for H-1B visa cap were chosen based on computerized random selection by the U .S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Requests for H-1B visa cap received later than December 21, 2009 will not be considered by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).